Skin discolorations come in various forms. It is normally generated from a pigment called melanin. When these cells get damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production, which affects patches of skin. Melanin gives your skin its characteristic natural colour, but when unevenly distributed, causes Pigmentation. VitalsKlinic provides the best pigmentation treatment in Bangalore through our well-qualified professionals and doctors.
What Are The Variety of Skin Discoloration (Pigmentation)
Melanin — A pigment that creates hair, skin, and eye colour and protects the body by absorbing ultraviolet light.
Melasma – A dark mask-like discoloration that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose often called the mask of pregnancy.
Vitiligo – A skin disorder that creates smooth, depigmented white spots on the skin.
Eczema – commonly known as atopic dermatitis, causes red, itchy, and dry skin as a result of inflammation.
Lentigines — Also called liver or age spots, are flat, benign lesions, usually between 5-20 mm in diameter.
Albinism — People with albinism typically have light skin, white or pale yellow hair, and light blue or grey eyes.
Hyperpigmentation — A skin condition that occurs when the body has an excess of melanin or pigment.
Lichen Simplex Chronicus — A skin problem with a severe itch that causes thick, dark patches of skin to develop.
Causes of Skin Discoloration(Pigmentation)
Some common causes for changes in skin color are injury, illness, and inflammatory problems when the skin is continually scrubbed over and over and over-peeled and over-micro der abraded, the skin can be so inflamed–even if it’s not visible to the naked eye–and which results in pigmentation.
There Are Many Other Factors That Trigger Skin Pigmentation –
Internal Hormonal changes in the body affect the skin’s pigment which often occurs as a result of aging, pregnancy, birth control, certain medications, or hormone replacement therapy.
Pigmentation will be triggered by our skin’s own self-healing mechanism, once associate inflammatory response happens once associated with injury. This can embrace skin problems, waxing, improperly performed optical device treatments or deep extractions, abrasions, insect bites, and razor bumps.
Treatments for Pigmentation(Skin Discolouration)
There are many natural and home remedies that can be used for preventing pigmentation on the face like Lemon, Olive Oil, Onion, Castor Oil, etc. Also, protective measures like effective Sunscreen Lotions against sunburn, cleansers, hydroquinone lotions, and brightening creams can be used prescribed by doctors. For long-term discoloration, other techniques such as lasers and other chemicals can be suggested by dermatologists. According to experts, laser peels are great since they have no heat, and can target dark spots without causing any inflammation.